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There are two parts of the question.
In the first part, the question stated “lottery win” of 2000 between two winners (Moiz and Mair) and their share is 1:4. As the total amount is 2000; it is quite simple that Moiz share is 400 rupees.
Moiz further divide his share between himself, his wife and his son in the ratio 4:5:1. Again we would do the same job. It is very simple to calculate; his wife gets 200 while his son is taking only 40 rupees.
How much more does wife get over the son = ?
Winning amount = 2000 rupees
The share of Moiz and Mair = 1 : 4
So, the amount that Moiz wins = (1 x 2000)/5 = 400 rupees
Moiz further divided it between himself, his wife and son = 4 : 5 : 1
Wife’s share = (5 x 400)/10 = 200 rupees
Son’s share = (1 x 400)/10 = 40 rupees
The amount that wife gets over the son = 200 – 40 = 160 rupees answer
Moiz and Mair Share a Lottery Win of Rs 2000 in the Ratio 1:4. Moiz then Share his Part Between Himself, His Wife and their Son in the Ratio 4:5:1. 160 rupees is the required amount that wife gets over the son.