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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 8 July 2020

Dawn Vocabulary 8 July 2020 | The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on July 8, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary 8 July 2020 | Urdu Meaning & Sentence Examples

Underbelly (noun)  

وہ علاقہ جو حملے سے غیر محفوظ ہو

a hidden unpleasant or criminal part of society

Example: CIA unprovoked attack saved hundreds of scapegoat from sordid underbelly.

Synonyms: vulnerable area, unprotected

Antonyms: secured, protected

Blight (verb)  

فرسودا کر دینا، مرجھا دینا، خراب اثر ڈالنا، جھلسا دینا

something that spoils or has a very bad effect on something (often for a long time)

Example: After the renovation of blighted city, it got the attention of tourists.

Synonyms: decay, destroy, plague, affliction, defect, fault, deformity, mildew, deteriorate

Antonyms: purification, blessing, goodness

Kingpin (adjective)  

سر غنہ، سردار، قائد

the leader or chief person in an organization

Example: The kingpin of Bolshevik Revolution was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov.

Synonyms: biggie, heavyweight, honcho, big shot, big boy, heavy hitter, big foot

Antonyms: shrimp, lightweight, zilch

Inferno (noun)  

دوزخ نما مقام، بے قابو آگ، اذیت ناک جگہ

a very large uncontrolled fire

Example: The massive inferno wildfire killed more than 1 billion animals in Australasia.

Synonyms: fire, conflagration, purgatory

Antonyms: comfort, happiness, contentment

Reprisal (noun)  

انتقامی کاروائی، انتقام

an act of retaliation

Example: Initial investigation shows that massive inferno is a consequence of reprisal or vendetta.

Synonyms: retaliation, revenge

Antonyms: pardon, forgiveness

Complacency (noun)  

اطمینان

self-satisfaction especially when accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies.

Example: Due to the complacency of the guards, thieves intruded into the bank and plundered everything.

Synonyms: conceit, egotism, contentment, pompousness, smugness, amour, pomposity

Antonyms: humility, humbleness, propriety

Dissident (noun)  

مخالف، عقیدے سے انحرافی، اختلاف رائے، اکثریت کی رائے کا مخالف

a person who publicly disagrees with and criticizes their government

Example: Despite a lot of opposition and dissident, no power could undo Pakistan.

Synonyms: protester, separatist, heretical, maverick, unconventional, nonconformist

Antonyms: conventional, orthodox, conforming

Vicinity (noun)  

آس پاس کا علاقہ، گرد نواح

the area near or surrounding a particular place

Example: There are several hotels in the immediate vicinity of the police station.

Synonyms: neighborhood, environs, proximity, backyard, vicinage

Antonyms: faraway, distance, remoteness

Devious (adjective)  

چالاک، فریبی، پرُ فریب، گمراہ کن

Showing a skillful use of underhand tactics to achieve goals

Example: Pakistan halted the sabotaging and devious activities of MOSSAD in time.

Synonyms: deceitful, duplicitous, dishonest, shrewd, dodgy, guileful, subtle, wily

Antonyms: innocent, artless, ingenuous, fair, forthright, naïve, open, trustworthy, straightforward, undesigning, guileless

Salvage (verb)  

تباہی سے بچانا، کسی خطرے وغیرہ سے بچانے کا عمل، بری طرح ٹوٹے جہاز کو بچانا

to save goods from damage or destruction, especially from a ship that has sunk or a building that has been damaged by fire or a flood

Example: All rescue teams took part in salvage operation of devastated sites of Pakistan.

Synonyms: deceitful, duplicitous, dishonest, shrewd, dodgy, guileful, subtle, wily

Antonyms: innocent, artless, ingenuous, fair, forthright, naïve, open, trustworthy, straightforward, undesigning, guileless

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