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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 4 July 2020

Dawn Vocabulary 4 July 2020 | The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on July 4, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary 4 July 2020 | Urdu Meaning & Sentence Examples

Succumb (verb)  

شکست مان لینا، ہار ماننا، مغلوب ہو جانا، مجبورا تسلیم کرنا 

to accept defeat Or to lose the determination to oppose something Or to die or suffer badly from an illness
Example: Although court acquitted him but in future, he might succumb to his old habit.

Synonyms: buckle, defer, concede, quit, submit, surrender, blink, bow, cease

Antonyms: ascend, continue, resist, fight

Specious (adjective)  

جعلی، نقلی، بظاہر ٹھیک،بظاہر خوش نما، بظاہر ٹھیک اور مناسب، دیکھنے میں اچھا

seems correct or right but actually wrong or false

Example: A specious allegation was the turning point in litigation.

Synonyms: false, incorrect, erroneous, plausible, untrue,

Antonyms: correct, accurate, genius, perfect

Auction (noun)  

نیلام کرنا، نیلامی  

a public sale in which goods or property are sold to the highest bidder

Example: They are holding an auction of property on Saturday.

Synonyms: sell of, bargain

Antonyms: gift, award, contribution, reward

Detriment (noun)  

نقصان ، ضرر

the state of being harmed or damaged

Example: Pakistan posed a detriment to India on February 27, 2019 when it shot down Abhinandan’s plane.

Synonyms: damage, harm, disadvantage, injury, hurt, affliction, loss

Antonyms: favor, advantage, benefit, assistance

Segregate (verb)  

علیحدہ یا جدا رکھنا، نسلی یا مذ ہبی بنیاد پر الگ کیا ہوا، دوسروں سے الگ کر دینا 

to keep one thing separate from another

Example: Most colleges, segregate students according to their academic abilities.

Synonyms: insulate, isolate, seclude, detain, disconnect, divide, sequester, detach

Antonyms: unite, combine, assimilate, liberate, integrate, join, attach

Patriarchal (adjective)  

مردوں کے زیر کنٹرول نظام سے متعلق، ایسا نظام جہا ں پر مردوں کی حکمرانی ہو 

related to a system that is run or ruled by men

Example: Islam empowered the women and patriarchal mindset gone away when Razia Sultana became the first female Muslim ruler of Indian subcontinent.

Synonyms: episcopal, parental, pastoral, maternal, apostolic, paternal, pontifical, clerical

Antonyms: nonsectarian, profane, nonecclesiastical, temporal

Perilous (adjective)  

  خطرناک، سخت خطرے کا، جو کھوں کا، پرُ خطر

extremely dangerous

Example: The dwindling economy is in perilous state.

Synonyms: dangerous, delicate, hazardous, grievous, precarious, serious, rugged, threatening, unsafe, uncertain, risky, venturesome, treacherous

Antonyms: beneficial, stable, certain, definite, good, unthreatening, innocent, harmless

Congregation (noun)  

اجتماع، جماعت، مجمع، مذہبی اجتماع، جلسہ، انجمن 

a group of people who worship together in a certain place

Example: The congregation of Dawat-i-Islami go everywhere to preach islam.

Synonyms: grandstand, assembly, flock, conference, audience, parish, throng, gathering, crowd, church, convocation

Antonyms: division, separation

Crippling (adjective)  

شدید نقصان کا باعث، سخت نقصان 

causing a severe problem Or causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly

Example: The crippling disease spread through the town and took the lives of 1/4 of the population.

Synonyms: hamstring, incapacitate, impairment, weaken, undermine, abrasion, disable, detriment, mutilation, defacement, lesion

Antonyms: recovery, fix, assist, help

Hamper (verb)  

رکاوٹ ڈالنا، روکنا، رکاوٹ بننا 

to prevent someone doing something easily

Example: COVID 19 hampered the progress and prosperity around the globe.

Synonyms: block, clog, hinder, frustrate, obstruct, thwart, inconvenience, impede, embarrass, obstruct, trammel, blockade, baffle

Antonyms: untie, smoothen, facilitate, promote

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