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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 3 July 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on July 3, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary 3 July 2020 | Urdu Meaning & Sentence Examples

Leniency (noun)  

نرم دلی، شفقت، بردباری، نرم ہونے کی حالت

the quality of being merciful than expected

Example: The prisoner knew it would be foolish to expect leniency from the Judge.

Synonyms: clemency, compassion, forbearance, lenity, tolerance

Antonyms: intolerance, cruelty

Inadvertently (adjective)  

انجانے میں، بھولے سے، بے پروائی سے، لاشعوری طور پر، غفلت سے

in a way that is not intentional

Example: She inadvertently put her watch in the boiling water instead of an egg.

Synonyms: accidently, chance, negligently, unintended, unintentional, unplanned, recklessly

Antonyms: deliberated, intended, calculated, planned, carefully

Fraught (adjective)  

بھرا ہوا، لدا ہوا، کثرت سے معمور، پُر

full of unpleasant things such as problems or dangers

Example: She was fraught with afraid after reading the incidence of Jallianwala massacre.

Synonyms: abundant, flush, replete, charged, lousy, filled, abounding

Antonyms: empty, hollow, unfilled, unoccupied, vacant, desolate, blank, barren, bare, uninhabited

Blurt out (phrasal verb with blurt verb)  

اچانک اور بغیر سوچے کہہ دینا،بنا سوچے سمجھے کہنا، احمقانہ بات کرنا

to say something suddenly and without thinking

Example: Hina often blurts out her thoughts without thinking, even if those thoughts are vulgar or offensive.

Synonyms: reveal, divulge, expose, affirm

Antonyms: hide, conceal, cover, disavow

Savagery (noun)  

خونخواری، سفاکی، درندگی، وحشیانہ طرز عمل، ظلم ، جبر، وحشی پن

cruel and violent behaviour

Example: By the advent of Islam, the trend of savagery ended forever and the glorious blessings of love provoked Muhajireen and Ansar and they became brothers.

Synonyms:, atrocity, inhumanity, ferocity, cruelness, malice, ruthlessness, cruelty, barbarism

Antonyms: humanity, kindness, sympathy

Subdue (verb)  

قابو میں کرنا، غالب آ جانا،تسخیر کرنا، زیر اثر رکھنا

bring under control

Example: Police subdued the Said Akbar, the killer of first prime minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan.

Synonyms: conquer, beat, defeat, extinguish, overcome, restrain, suppress, prevail, crush, trim

Antonyms: surrender, encourage, release, lose

Reprehensible (adjective)  

قابل ملامت، قابل الزام، قابل مذمت، مجرمانہ


highly unacceptable action

Example: India’s savagery and atrocities on unarmed Kashmiris are reprehensible.

Synonyms: objectionable, blamable, disgraceful, culpable, reproachable, sinful,

Antonyms: creditable, blameless, respectable, faultless

Perpetrate (verb)  

جرم کا ارتکاب کرنا، مرتکب ہونا، ارتکاب کرنا

to commit a crime or harmful act

Example: The teenage girl decided to perpetrate a crime to show her worth.

Synonyms: carry out, execute, commit, achieve, wreak, inflict,

Antonyms: abandon, halt, stop, neglect

Dampen (verb)  

حوصلہ پست کرنا، کمزور کرنا، ہمت شکنی کرنا، دل بجھانا، تر کرنا، گیلا کرنا،

To make something less strong or successful Or to make something slightly wet

Example: COVID 19 dampened the enthusiasm for PSL 2020.

Synonyms: discourage, demotivate, confuse, demoralize, trouble, intimidate, depress

Antonyms: assist, assure, hearten, gladden

Retrospect (noun)  

ماضی کی یاد، پچھلے حالات، پچھلے واقعات، گزشتہ وقت، یاد ماضی، ماضی میں گم ہو جانا

a review of past occurrences

Example: In retrospect, she should have never allowed to her husband to drive to the store during the avalanche.

Synonyms: review, reconsideration, hindsight, afterthought, reexamination

Antonyms: prospect

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