The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 27, 2020:
Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 27 June 2020
کم کرنا، کاٹ ڈالنا
to very much reduce something such as money or jobs Or cut with a wide, sweeping movement, typically using a knife or sword
Example: Prices have been slashed by 50 percent.
She tried to commit suicide by slashing her wrists.
Synonyms: reduce, decline, hack, cut, incise, slice, slit, sever, decrease
Antonyms: increase, rise, heal, combine
کم ہونا، کمی
fall or drop straight down at high speed
Example: Goods prices have plummeted in recent months.
Synonyms: decrease, fall, decline, lower, collapse, sink, crash
Antonyms: ascend, rise, lift up, mount, go up
گرنا، غوطہ لگانا
to (cause someone or something to) move or fall suddenly and often a long way forward, down, or into something
Example: The economy of many countries have plunged due to COVID – 19.
Synonyms: dive, pitch, jump, decline, go down, plummet, sink, slash
Antonyms: increase, rise
suggesting that something unpleasant is likely to happen
Example: The dark clouds gave the sky an ominous appearance.
Synonyms: unpleasant, dark, bad, doomy, threatening, gloomy, foreboding, dismal
Antonyms: encouraging, good, hopeful, helpful, unthreatening, pleasant, nice, great
قیاس آرائی پر مبنی، فرضی
based on a guess and not on information
Example: The writer’s speculative mind led him to believe there was more to the politician’s story.
Synonyms: academic, risky, hypothetical, unproved theoretical, suppositional, dangerous
Antonyms: actual, real, safe
پریشان کن، بدحواسی کرنے والا
causing one to feel unsettled
Example: The news of Major General Qasim Soleimani’s death was quite disconcerting for Iranians.
Synonyms: confuse, rattle, worried, faze, shake up, embarrass, disturb, agitate, unsettle, puzzle, mortify, nonplus, ambiguous
Antonyms: clarify, aid, assistance, comfort
Slain (verb: past participle of slay)
قتل کرنا، مارڈالنا
to kill in a violent manner
Example: The first prime minister of Pakistan, Liaqat Ali Khan was slain with a shotgun twice in his chest, when he was addressing to a rally at Company Bagh, Rawalpindi.
Synonyms: killed, slaughtered, massacre, murdered, assassinate, execute, wipe out, poison
Antonyms: give birth, leave
جھپٹنے کا عمل
to jump or move quickly in order to catch or take hold of something
Example: The police were waiting to pounce when she reached at her flat.
Synonyms: ambush, attack, criticize, invade
Antonyms: assistance, aid, help
Wreak havoc (idiom)
تباہی مچا نا
to bring chaos and distraction
Example: COVID-19 wreaked havoc on the whole Earth.
Synonyms: destruction, devastation, lawlessness, anarchy, turmoil, desolate, despoil, devastate, depopulate, deprive, defile, profane, ruin, plunder, waste, desecrate
Antonyms: improve, protect, peace, save, unite, purify, build, clean, construct
Comity of nations (noun)
بین الاقوامی رواداری
the friendship and respect between countries shown by accepting each other’s laws, political systems, and customs
Example: Based on comity of nations, India needed to create a new international parallel litigations system toward Pakistan.
Synonyms: mutual courtesy, principles of friendship between countries, compassion, civility, altruism, kindness, generosity
Antonyms: harshness, hatred, inharmony, conflict, dispute, discord, estranged