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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 27 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 27, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 27 June 2020

Slash (verb)

کم کرنا، کاٹ ڈالنا

to very much reduce something such as money or jobs Or cut with a wide, sweeping movement, typically using a knife or sword

Example: Prices have been slashed by 50 percent.

She tried to commit suicide by slashing her wrists.

Synonyms: reduce, decline, hack, cut, incise, slice, slit, sever, decrease

Antonyms: increase, rise, heal, combine

Plummet (verb)

کم ہونا، کمی

fall or drop straight down at high speed

Example: Goods prices have plummeted in recent months.

Synonyms: decrease, fall, decline, lower, collapse, sink, crash

Antonyms: ascend, rise, lift up, mount, go up

Plunge (verb)

گرنا، غوطہ لگانا

to (cause someone or something to) move or fall suddenly and often a long way forward, down, or into something

Example: The economy of many countries have plunged due to COVID – 19.

Synonyms: dive, pitch, jump, decline, go down, plummet, sink, slash

Antonyms: increase, rise

Ominous (adjective)

منحوس، بدشگون

suggesting that something unpleasant is likely to happen

Example: The dark clouds gave the sky an ominous appearance.

Synonyms: unpleasant, dark, bad, doomy, threatening, gloomy, foreboding, dismal

Antonyms: encouraging, good, hopeful, helpful, unthreatening, pleasant, nice, great

Speculative (adjective)

قیاس آرائی پر مبنی، فرضی

based on a guess and not on information

Example: The writer’s speculative mind led him to believe there was more to the politician’s story.

Synonyms: academic, risky, hypothetical, unproved theoretical, suppositional, dangerous

Antonyms: actual, real, safe

Disconcerting (adjective)

پریشان کن، بدحواسی کرنے والا

causing one to feel unsettled

Example: The news of Major General Qasim Soleimani’s death was quite disconcerting for Iranians.

Synonyms: confuse, rattle, worried, faze, shake up, embarrass, disturb, agitate, unsettle, puzzle, mortify, nonplus, ambiguous

Antonyms: clarify, aid, assistance, comfort

Slain (verb: past participle of slay)

قتل کرنا، مارڈالنا

to kill in a violent manner

Example: The first prime minister of Pakistan, Liaqat Ali Khan was slain with a shotgun twice in his chest, when he was addressing to a rally at Company Bagh, Rawalpindi.

Synonyms: killed, slaughtered, massacre, murdered, assassinate, execute, wipe out, poison

Antonyms: give birth, leave

Pounce (verb)

جھپٹنے کا عمل

to jump or move quickly in order to catch or take hold of something

Example: The police were waiting to pounce when she reached at her flat.

Synonyms: ambush, attack, criticize, invade

Antonyms: assistance, aid, help

Wreak havoc (idiom)

تباہی مچا نا

to bring chaos and distraction

Example: COVID-19 wreaked havoc on the whole Earth.

Synonyms: destruction, devastation, lawlessness, anarchy, turmoil, desolate, despoil, devastate, depopulate, deprive, defile, profane, ruin, plunder, waste, desecrate

Antonyms: improve, protect, peace, save, unite, purify, build, clean, construct

Comity of nations (noun)

بین الاقوامی رواداری

the friendship and respect between countries shown by accepting each other’s laws, political systems, and customs

Example: Based on comity of nations, India needed to create a new international parallel litigations system toward Pakistan.

Synonyms: mutual courtesy, principles of friendship between countries, compassion, civility, altruism, kindness, generosity

Antonyms: harshness, hatred, inharmony, conflict, dispute, discord, estranged

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