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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 26 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 26, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 26 June 2020

Purview (noun)

دائرے

area of authority or control Or the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated

Example: The anti-corruption officer’s purview is limited to the city in which he works.

Synonyms: limit, sphere, circle, scope, extent

Antonyms: unlimited, beyond the circle, infinite access

Threshold (noun)

محسوس کرنے کی حد، چوکھٹ ، دہلیز

the floor of an entrance to a building or a room Or the level or point at which you start to experience something, or at which something starts to happen

Example: PK – 8303 crashed on May 22, when it was 1,340 meter from the runway threshold.

Synonyms: beginning, opening, verge, doorstep, cusp, point

Antonyms: ending, middle, conclusion

Retract (verb)

واپس لینا، پیچھے ہٹ جانا

to take back an offer or statement, etc. or admit that a statement was false

Example: The opposition retracted his allegations, when questioned on TV.

Synonyms: abjure, back down, repeal, cancel, renounce, take back, withdraw, repudiate, back off, reverse, pull back, revoke, recant, rescind

Antonyms: admit, agree, allow, adhered, go forward, permit, acknowledge

Inexplicable (adjective)

ناقابل بیان، نا قابل فہم، ناقابل تشریح

unable to be explained or accounted for

Example: For some inexplicable reason, CEO decided to close market shares.

Synonyms: beyond comprehension, unexplainable, beyond explanation, unaccountable puzzling, strange, mystifying, odd, incomprehensible, unexplainable

Antonyms: explicable, normal, accountable, explainable, regular, comprehensible, fathomable

Inextricably (adverb)

الگ یا منتشر ہونے سے قاصر

in a manner that is impossible to be unlinked

Example: Her best memories of her parents are inextricably connected to the flat where they spent most of their summers.

Synonyms: inseparably, inevitably,

Antonyms: let go, peace, unite

Dubious (adjective)

مشکوک، مشتبہ

not sure about the truth or quality of something

Example: Court didn’t award remedy as the claims were dubious.

Synonyms: suspect, doubtful, queer, arguable, fishy, problematic, dodgy, questionable, shady, uncertain, vague, unsure, suspicious, opaque

Antonyms: definite, clear, certain, likely, trustworthy, sure, undoubted, indisputable

Mock (verb)

مذاق اڑانا، نقل اتارنا، توہین کرنا

tease or laugh at in a scornful or contemptuous manner Or to make something appear stupid or not effective

Example: They were mocking her because she kept falling off her bicycle.

Synonyms: burlesque, parody, phony, imitate, bogus, fake, artificial

Antonyms: real, natural, genuine, authentic

Demean (verb)

رسوا کرنا، خوار کرنا، کم درجہ دکھانا، گھٹانا

cause a severe loss in the dignity of and respect for (someone or something)

Example: Opposition kept trying to demean the government policies.

Synonyms: demoralize, humiliate, vitiate, cheapen, debase, abase, lesson, poison, deteriorate, canker

Antonyms: admire, elevate, uplift, praise

Tarnish (verb)

داغ دار کرنا، میلا کچیلا کرنا

lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture, also used metaphorically

Example: The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air.

Synonyms: blemish, damage, defame, stain, hurt, muddy, pollute, dull, vitiate, spoil, deteriorate

Antonyms: improve, assist, benefit, please

Demagogue (noun)

جذبات انگیز رہنما

a political leader who tries to influence people by making emotional speeches

Example: Sara concluded her paper, describing Hitler as a demagogue.

Synonyms: provocateur, agitator, instigator, agitating person, inciter, exciter, fomenter

Antonyms: moderate, humble

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