The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 25, 2020:
Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 25 June 2020
In the throes of (idiom)
کسی مشکل یا تکلیف دہ کام کے بیچ میں
in the middle of doing or dealing with something very difficult or painful.
Example: The country is in the throes of general election.
Synonyms: in the midst of, struggling with, wrestling with, in the process of, in the pangs of
Antonyms: in the start of, initial stages
بگڑنا، خراب ہونا
bitterness or ill feeling
Example: Health conditions, however, did not deteriorate as the century passed.
Synonyms: decline, degenerate, fall apart, crumble, sink, lessen, diminish, rot, worsen, weaken, descend, atrophy
Antonyms: ameliorate, raise, approve, improve, strengthen, aid, grow, increase, meliorate
متبادل ہونے کا عمل، برابری کے حقوق
the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country to another
Example: Relationships are based on respect and reciprocity.
Synonyms: cooperation, exchange, balanced relation, mutuality
Antonyms: biased, one-sided
شدید، سخت، کڑا
harsh, hard or severe in character or manner
Example: The Chinese diplomat issued a stern statement when Indian troops intruded into Chinese territory.
Synonyms: grim, rigid, flinty, severe, tough, harsh, strict, without elasticity, serious, heavy-handed, tough, hard-nosed, rigorous, rigid
Antonyms: lenient, easy, flexible, gentle, tolerant, clement
Trot out (verb)
کسی کی توجہ حاصل کرنے کے لئے کچھ کرنا یا دکھانا
to show someone or something in public to get attention
Example: He trotted out the goat for the buyer to watch.
Synonyms: bring forward, recite, proffer, come out with, brandish, tender, extend
Antonyms: hide, conceal, cover up, obscure, wrapped, lurk
جعلی، ناجائز، بظاہر ٹھیک
false and not what it appears to be
Example: Politicians often make spurious promises to voters to win the elections.
Synonyms: bogus, counterfeit, ambiguous, blur, unauthentic, shame, fake, false
Antonyms: authentic, genuine, right, elegant, clear, bona fide, true, valid
بدنام کرنا، غلط معلومات پھیلانا
to say or write bad things about someone or something
Example: India always kept to vilify Pakistan narrative over the disputed region across LoC.
Synonyms: defame, malign, decry, asperse, traduce, assail, mistreat, slander, berate
Antonyms: approve, compliment, well treated, fairness, honest
ستیاناس کر دینا، بیڑا غرق کر دینا
done very badly, in a careless or stupid way
Example: Because of bungled investigation, India could not punish those responsible for Mumbai attacks.
Synonyms: blunder, mess up, mishandle, err, mismanage, blow
Antonyms: do well, grow
to defeat someone completly
Example: India has suffered an embarrassing rout in its recent dispute with China along the LAC.
Synonyms: beat, chase, crush, overwhelming defeat, finish, wipe out
Antonyms: fail, begin, create, lose
a minor fight in war usually incidental to larger movements
Example: Twenty Indian soldiers were killed in a recent border skirmish along the LAC.
Synonyms: fight, dispute
Antonyms: let go, peace, unite