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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 25 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 25, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 25 June 2020

In the throes of (idiom)

کسی مشکل یا تکلیف دہ کام کے بیچ میں

in the middle of doing or dealing with something very difficult or painful.

Example: The country is in the throes of general election.

Synonyms: in the midst of, struggling with, wrestling with, in the process of, in the pangs of

Antonyms: in the start of, initial stages

Deteriorate (verb)

بگڑنا، خراب ہونا

bitterness or ill feeling

Example: Health conditions, however, did not deteriorate as the century passed.

Synonyms: decline, degenerate, fall apart, crumble, sink, lessen, diminish, rot, worsen, weaken, descend, atrophy

Antonyms: ameliorate, raise, approve, improve, strengthen, aid, grow, increase, meliorate

Reciprocity (noun)

متبادل ہونے کا عمل، برابری کے حقوق

the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country to another

Example: Relationships are based on respect and reciprocity.

Synonyms: cooperation, exchange, balanced relation, mutuality

Antonyms: biased, one-sided

Stern (adjective)

شدید، سخت، کڑا

harsh, hard or severe in character or manner

Example: The Chinese diplomat issued a stern statement when Indian troops intruded into Chinese territory.

Synonyms: grim, rigid, flinty, severe, tough, harsh, strict, without elasticity, serious, heavy-handed, tough, hard-nosed, rigorous, rigid

Antonyms: lenient, easy, flexible, gentle, tolerant, clement

Trot out (verb)

کسی کی توجہ حاصل کرنے کے لئے کچھ کرنا یا دکھانا

to show someone or something in public to get attention

Example: He trotted out the goat for the buyer to watch.

Synonyms: bring forward, recite, proffer, come out with, brandish, tender, extend

Antonyms: hide, conceal, cover up, obscure, wrapped, lurk

Spurious (adjective)

جعلی، ناجائز، بظاہر ٹھیک

false and not what it appears to be

Example: Politicians often make spurious promises to voters to win the elections.

Synonyms: bogus, counterfeit, ambiguous, blur, unauthentic, shame, fake, false

Antonyms: authentic, genuine, right, elegant, clear, bona fide, true, valid

Vilify (verb)

بدنام کرنا، غلط معلومات پھیلانا

to say or write bad things about someone or something

Example: India always kept to vilify Pakistan narrative over the disputed region across LoC.

Synonyms: defame, malign, decry, asperse, traduce, assail, mistreat, slander, berate

Antonyms: approve, compliment, well treated, fairness, honest

Bungled (adjective)

ستیاناس کر دینا، بیڑا غرق کر دینا

done very badly, in a careless or stupid way

Example: Because of bungled investigation, India could not punish those responsible for Mumbai attacks.

Synonyms: blunder, mess up, mishandle, err, mismanage, blow

Antonyms: do well, grow

Rout (verb)

شکست فاش

to defeat someone completly

Example: India has suffered an embarrassing rout in its recent dispute with China along the LAC.

Synonyms: beat, chase, crush, overwhelming defeat, finish, wipe out

Antonyms: fail, begin, create, lose

Skirmish (noun)

جھڑپ، لڑائی

a minor fight in war usually incidental to larger movements

Example: Twenty Indian soldiers were killed in a recent border skirmish along the LAC.

Synonyms: fight, dispute

Antonyms: let go, peace, unite

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