The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 24, 2020:
Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 24 June 2020
Scale back (phrasal verb)
سائز یا مقدار میں کم کرنا
to make something smaller in size or amount Or reduced in numbers
Example: They have scaled back their expenditures considerably.
Synonyms: shrink, cut down, cut back, diminish, reduce, scale down, curtail, decrease
Antonyms: increase, develop, grow, enlarge, huge, expand
A far cry from (idiom)
کسی چیز سے بالکل مختلف ہونا
to be completely different from something
Example: This flat is far cry from the house they had before.
Synonyms: distinctive, peculiar, different, disparate, particular
Antonyms: same, common, ordinary, standard, conventional, unified, normal
رسم ، رواج، روایتی، رسمی
a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order
Example: Coffee and newspaper are part of my morning ritual.
Synonyms: habit, custom, practice, routine, pattern, practice, way, habitude, fashion, convention, rite
Antonyms: discord, estrange, disagreement, difference, neglect
the ancient past, especially the period of classical and other human civilizations before the Middle Ages
Example: In antiquity, humans managed to survive without electricity.
Synonyms: old object, antique, ancientness, hoariness, age
Antonyms: newness, modern, advanced
موذی مرض، وباء
any very infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills large number of people
Example: After watching so many people die of cancer, scientist finally came to know that disease is a pestilence.
Synonyms: epidemic, pest, endemic, plague, outbreak, contagion
Antonyms: health, smartness
a circumstance in which a group, usually a military or law enforcement agency, surrounds an area or building in an attempt to take it over
Example: During the siege of the city, the citizens were forced to give up their property.
Synonyms: blockade, closure, restriction, hindrance, attack, resistance, stoppage, encirclement, access, seizure
Antonyms: aid, assistance, help
ملانا، آمیزش کرنا،مخلوط کرنا
to bring or mix together or with something else usually without fundamental loss of identity
Example: The spies decided to mingle in with the crowd and see if they could find the killer.
Synonyms: blend, interfuse, amalgamate, intermix, intermingle, mix, combine, integrate, merge, fuse, homogenize, comingle, composite
Antonyms: divide, separate, divorce, disjoin, breakdown
نزدیکی، قریبی، پاس پاس ہونے کی حالت
the nearness of one thing or person to another
Example: I choose the hotel because of its proximity to the beach.
Synonyms: closeness, concurrence, nearness, vicinity, adjacency, contiguity
Antonyms: remoteness, distance
سرسری، برائےنام، لاپروا
something done quickly with little attention to detail
Example: A cursory review of your list of grievances indicates that you probably don’t have a strong case for a civil suit.
Synonyms: offhand, random, precipitate, rash, overhasty, rushed, sketchy, superficial
Antonyms: careful, detailed, perfect, unhurried, unrushed, deliberate
بد اخلاقی، تلخ مزاجی
bitterness or ill feeling
Example: The decision was reached without acrimony or controversy.
Synonyms: anger, acidity, asperity, bitterness, rancor, ill will, belligerence, acridity, animosity, tartness, corrosiveness
Antonyms: love, liking, happiness, good will, benevolence, kindness