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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 24 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 24, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 24 June 2020

Scale back (phrasal verb)

سائز یا مقدار میں کم کرنا

to make something smaller in size or amount Or reduced in numbers

Example: They have scaled back their expenditures considerably.

Synonyms: shrink, cut down, cut back, diminish, reduce, scale down, curtail, decrease

Antonyms: increase, develop, grow, enlarge, huge, expand

A far cry from (idiom)

کسی چیز سے بالکل مختلف ہونا

to be completely different from something

Example: This flat is far cry from the house they had before.

Synonyms: distinctive, peculiar, different, disparate, particular

Antonyms: same, common, ordinary, standard, conventional, unified, normal

Ritual (noun)

رسم ، رواج، روایتی، رسمی

a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order

Example: Coffee and newspaper are part of my morning ritual.

Synonyms: habit, custom, practice, routine, pattern, practice, way, habitude, fashion, convention, rite

Antonyms: discord, estrange, disagreement, difference, neglect

Antiquity (noun)

قدامت، قدیم

the ancient past, especially the period of classical and other human civilizations before the Middle Ages

Example: In antiquity, humans managed to survive without electricity.

Synonyms: old object, antique, ancientness, hoariness, age

Antonyms: newness, modern, advanced

Pestilence (noun)

موذی مرض، وباء

any very infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills large number of people

Example: After watching so many people die of cancer, scientist finally came to know that disease is a pestilence.

Synonyms: epidemic, pest, endemic, plague, outbreak, contagion

Antonyms: health, smartness

Siege (noun)

محاصرہ، گھیراو

a circumstance in which a group, usually a military or law enforcement agency, surrounds an area or building in an attempt to take it over

Example: During the siege of the city, the citizens were forced to give up their property.

Synonyms: blockade, closure, restriction, hindrance, attack, resistance, stoppage, encirclement, access, seizure

Antonyms: aid, assistance, help

Mingle (verb)

ملانا، آمیزش کرنا،مخلوط کرنا

to bring or mix together or with something else usually without fundamental loss of identity

Example: The spies decided to mingle in with the crowd and see if they could find the killer.

Synonyms: blend, interfuse, amalgamate, intermix, intermingle, mix, combine, integrate, merge, fuse, homogenize, comingle, composite

Antonyms: divide, separate, divorce, disjoin, breakdown

Proximity (noun)

نزدیکی، قریبی، پاس پاس ہونے کی حالت

the nearness of one thing or person to another

Example:  I choose the hotel because of its proximity to the beach.

Synonyms: closeness, concurrence, nearness, vicinity, adjacency, contiguity

Antonyms: remoteness, distance

Cursory (adjective)

سرسری، برائےنام، لاپروا

something done quickly with little attention to detail

Example: A cursory review of your list of grievances indicates that you probably don’t have a strong case for a civil suit.

Synonyms: offhand, random, precipitate, rash, overhasty, rushed, sketchy, superficial

Antonyms: careful, detailed, perfect, unhurried, unrushed, deliberate

Acrimony (noun)

بد اخلاقی، تلخ مزاجی

bitterness or ill feeling

Example: The decision was reached without acrimony or controversy.

Synonyms: anger, acidity, asperity, bitterness, rancor, ill will, belligerence, acridity, animosity, tartness, corrosiveness

Antonyms: love, liking, happiness, good will, benevolence, kindness

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