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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 23 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 23, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 23 June 2020

Taken aback (idiom)

 حیرت زدہ

to be surprised

Example: All of us were a bit taken aback to learn that Mary was moving to USA next month.

Synonyms: startled, astonished, stunned, frightened, bewildered, dazed

Antonyms: unsurprised, aware, calm

Functionary (noun)

 اہلکار، افسر، عہدیدار

a person who has official duties, especially in a government or political party

Example: Due to the environment of the functionary, he was required to deliver mail in the rain or snow.

Synonyms: agent, officer, civil servant, skilled personnel, manager, office holder, representative, official, head

Antonyms: employee

Elusive (adjective)

 سمجھ سے باہر، مشکل، انوکھا

difficult to find, catch or achieve

Example: The animal control officer could not catch the elusive dog.

Synonyms: fugitive, ambiguous, incomprehensible, slippery, illusory, evasive, volatile, tricky, puzzling, mysterious

Antonyms: understandable, definite, clear

Meager (adjective)

 کم مقدار، تھوڑا، نحیف

(of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality

Example: Because you only earn a meager salary, you should be very careful about your spending.

Synonyms: small, insufficient, skimpy, inadequate, less, minimum, miserable, hand-to-mouth, skimp, slim

Antonyms: abundant, plentiful, sufficient, excess, enough, significant, wealthy, adequate

Exploit (verb)

 فروغ دینا، قابل ذکر بنانا، بروئے کار لانا

make full use of and derive benefit from (a source)

Example: 200 companies sprang up to exploit this new technology.

Synonyms: adventure, deed, accomplishment, achievement

Antonyms: failure, idleness, inactivity

Rampant (adjective)

 حد سے زیادہ، بکثرت

(of something bad) getting worse quickly and in an uncontrolled way

Example: The country has high unemployment and rampant inflation.

Synonyms: excessive, growing, abundant, unchecked, uncontrolled, unbridled, unrestrained, runaway,  unhindered, unhampered

Antonyms: bridled, checked, constrained, controlled, hindered, temperate, hampered, gentle, moderate, mild, less

Red tape (noun)

 دفتری ضابطہ کی سخت پابندی

official rules and processes that seem unnecessary and delay result results Or excessive adherence to rules and formalities, especially in public processes

Example: Turkish companies fear the red tape will scare off customers.

Synonyms: bureaucratic rules, official work, bureaucratic paper work, administration, ministry

Antonyms: ignorance, disorganization

Bog down (phrasal verb)

 دھنسنا، مانند پڑ جانا، تنزلی کا شکارہونا

to prevent someone or something from moving or progressing

Example: It’s natural to become bogged down in name selection from time to time.

Synonyms: halt, hindrance, resistance, opposition, stick, retard

Antonyms: advance, forward, progressive

Docile (adjective)

 اصلاح پذیر، تربیت پذیر، پڑھائے جانے کے قابل

weakly manageable Or quiet and easy to influenced, persuade or control

Example: She had been a docile pupil, but was incapable of any real progress.

Synonyms: accommodating, obedient, submissive, gentle, pliable, meek

Antonyms: headstrong, determined, stubborn

Nemesis (adjective)

سزا یا شکست جس سے بچا نہ جا سکے، روگ

(a cause of) punishment or defeat that is deserved and cannot be avoided

Example: The tax increase proved to be the Prime Minister’s political nemesis.

Synonyms: opponent, rival, adversary, punisher, vigilante, avenger

Antonyms: happiness, advantage, benefit

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