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Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 20 June 2020

The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 20, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 20 June 2020

Estranged (adjective)

سابقہ  قربت کھودینا، بیگانہ، پرانا

no longer close or affectionate to someone

Example:  After a long period of confrontation, the sisters became estranged and avoided each other for ten years.

Synonyms: divorce, separate, distant, alienate, split, divide

Antonyms: combine, connect, hold, join, stay

Bludgeon (verb)

کسی کو کچھ کرنے پر مجبور کرنا،  ڈنڈے سے مارنا

Force someone to do something
Or to strike over and over again with a weighty object

Example:  The managers bludgeoned them into agreeing to the changes.

After intruding the Indian troops into Chinese territory, high in Himalayas; the Chinses Army tried to bludgeon Indian soldiers with their weapons.

Synonyms: bat, stick, hammer, crack, hit, battle

Antonyms: peace, consent, love, affection

Veneer (noun)

ایسی چیز جو ناخوشگوار یا ناپسندیدہ چیزوں کو چھپاتی ہے۔

an attractive appearance that covers or disguises someone or something’s true nature or feelings
Or pleasant appearance that hides the truth

Example:  Although the celebrity wears a sociable veneer in public, she is ruthless when she deals with people in private.

Synonyms: layer, coating, exterior, show, outside, surface

Antonyms: reality, fact, truth, inside, interior

Dissent (noun)

اختلاف رائے ہونا، مخالف ہونا

to differ in opnion

Example:  The union is going to dissent with management’s offer of a small pay increase.

Synonyms: opposition, objection, discord, disunite, disharmony, resistance, hindrance

Antonyms: concurrence, agreement, accord, harmony, unite

Ideologue (noun)

نظریہ پرست، کسی نظریہ کا پیروکار

one who is intensely or excessively devoted to a cause Or a person who believes very strongly in particular principles and tries to follow them carefully

Example:  Theodore Roosevelt was an heir, and an ideologue, of the defeated Confederacy.

Synonyms: true believer, zealot, activist, dreamer, votary, fan, lover, supporter

Antonyms: nonmilitant, realist, pragmatist

Unenviable (adjective)

ناگوار

unenviable duty or necessary action is unpleasant or difficult

Example:  She had the unenviable task of cleaning up, after the party.

Synonyms: undesirable, disgusting, distasteful, odious, hateful

Antonyms: pleasant, desirable, tasteful, enjoyable, grateful, welcome, sweet, enchanting

Denouement (noun)

سلسلہ وار واقعات کا عروج، انجام داستان

the ending of a literary work, musical composition, or a sequence of actions

Example:  The play ended with the denouement that left the audience speechless.

Synonyms: climax, result, finale, resultant, ending, windup, conclusion

Antonyms: commencement, opening, start

Woo (verb)

آمادہ کرنا

seek the favor Or try to gain the love of someone

Example:  The party has been trying to woo the voters with promises of electoral reforms.

Synonyms: cultivate, pursue, provoke, seek

Antonyms: repel, disregard, ignore

Brook (verb)

برداشت کرنا یا جھیلنا

to put up with (something painful or difficult)

Example:  The manager will not brook insults from his own employees.

Synonyms: tolerate, allow, permit, consent, bear

Antonyms: decline, refuse, disapprove, reject, disallow, avoid, combat, contest, dodge

Outlive (verb)

زیادہ دیر تک زندہ رہنا

to live or exist longer than someone or something

Example:  The company had largely outlived its usefulness.

Synonyms: outlast, survive, outstay, endure

Antonyms: discontinue, cease, terminate, break off, quit, end, finish

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