The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 19, 2020:
Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 19 June 2020
Cloak & Dagger (noun)
(چادر اور خنجر(پراسرار اور جاسوسی والا معاملہ
type of adventure movie or book based on espionage; situation that involves espionage or secrecy, situation when people act in a very secret way when not actually necessary
Example: Shopping has become a cloak and dagger affair.
Synonyms: suspense, counterespionage, counterintelligence, surveillance
Antonyms: open, overt, calmness, peace
an illicit payment made to someone in return for facilitating a transaction or appointment
Example: The company paid kickbacks to an agent to win a multi-billion dollar deal.
Synonyms: bribe, payment, payoff, incentive, incitement, instigation, lure, snare, decoy
Antonyms: whole, additional cost, added charges
begin to grow or increase rapidly
Example: His company’s business is burgeoning now.
Synonyms: boom, accelerate, enlarge, prosper, multiply, expand, increase, rise
Antonyms: dwindle, decrease, decline, fall, diminish, fade, shrink, lessen
کسی بھاری چیز سے مارنا، ٹھونسنا
to hit or push something with force
Example: She rammed her stick into the ground.
Synonyms: strike, crash, smash, hit
Antonyms: assist, aid, help
حراست میں لینا، گرفتارکرلینا
to catch and arrest someone who has not obeyed the law
Example: The MSS (Ministry of State Security) is trying to apprehend the Indian troops.
Synonyms: capture, seize, catch, arrest, charge, hold, grab
Antonyms: free, let go, release, misapprehend
جلدی سے پڑھنے کا عمل، سرسری جائزہ لینا
the action of reading something quickly so as to note only the important points
Example: She was just skimming through some stylish magazines and saw if something interesting caught her eyes.
Synonyms: browsing, scanning, looking over, rushing, speeding
Antonyms: poring, studying, concentrating
mud, dirt or a sticky natural substance such as animal waste
Example: After she played in the muddy yard, the girl’s boots were covered with muck.
Synonyms: dirt, waste, manure, useless material, dirtiness, garbage, junk, dust, unclean, sewerage
Antonyms: clean, cleanliness
وقت گذرنے کیساتھ خراب ہونا
to worsen as time passes
Example: The wound will fester and become infected if antibiotics are not quickly applied.
Synonyms: smolder, erupt, explode, rust, deteriorate, curdle, decompose
Antonyms: grow, flourish, blossom, develop, multiply, expand
محصول اداکئےبغیر نکل جانا
without suffering any punishment or injury
Example: Although they thought they had got away scot-free, father knew the boys stole the chocolate and was waiting for the right time to punish them.
Synonyms: absolve, commute, unpunished, release, discharge, free of charge, untaxed, free from obligation
Antonyms: taxed, punished, captured
something that limits one’s freedom of action or choice
Example: Our national debt places a constraint on our economy’s ability to grow.
Synonyms: restraint, pressure, resistance, opposition, limit, control, restriction, hindrance
Antonyms: consent, permission, freedom, encouragement, release